Health has become a major issue among young people, especially due to the growing HIV/AIDS pandemic, and drug abuse. Research has shown that a large percentage of new HIV infection occurs among the 20-35 age group. The increase in pregnancy control drugs available over the counter renders users more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) since they concentrate on prevention of pregnancy and overlook the risk of getting infected with HIV virus. Young people are also affected by the loss or illness of parents or guardians suffering from HIV or AIDS.
The problems relating to reproductive health are made worse by the fact that parents, leaders and teachers have difficulty discussing matters relating to sexuality with young people. This vacuum of knowledge perpetuates the problems of HIV infection, as well as related problems such as unwanted pregnancies and abortion.
Serious methods to curb these problems must necessarily focus on raising awareness in young people and inculcating behavioural change among them.